China Creates Artificial Sun Which Is 10x Hotter - CNNC

China Creates Artificial Sun Which Is 10x Hotter – CNNC

China’s experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) — a fusion energy reactor — has run for 1,056 seconds at 70 million degrees Celsius, the longest duration to date, reported Xinhua News Agency. The system has been developed by the China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC). China creates artificial Sun which is 10x hotter – CNNC

The HL-2M fusion reactor at the Southwestern Institute of Physics (SWIP) in Chengdu generates electricity by compressing hydrogen with high magnetic fields until it forms a plasma that can reach temperatures of more than 150 million degrees Celsius.

This is ten times hotter than the Sun’s nucleus, and when the atoms fuse together, it generates massive amounts of energy.

Magnets and supercooling technology are used to keep the plasma contained. The tokamak is one of several magnetic confinement devices under development for producing controlled thermonuclear fusion power.

EAST scored a previous record in May, running for 101 seconds at a temperature of 120 million degrees Celsius. The latest one came after it was announced last week that a new round of testing would be conducted by the Institute of Plasma Physics under the Chinese Academy of Sciences (ASIPP).

Gong Xianzu, a researcher at the Institute of Plasma Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was quoted by Xinhua as saying: “The recent operation lays a solid scientific and experimental foundation towards the running of a fusion reactor.”


Reaction of Nuclear Fusion

Because it simulates the nuclear fusion reaction that drives the real sun, which employs hydrogen and deuterium gasses as fuel, the facility is dubbed “artificial sun.” The primary goal of this reactor is to generate a massive amount of green, long-term energy.

This will be accomplished using nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion, a reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei join to generate one or more distinct atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neutrons or protons), produces a lot of energy without producing a lot of trash.

Currently, nuclear power is obtained in the form of fission, a process contrary to fusion (energy is produced by dividing the nucleus of a heavy atom into two or more nuclei of lighter atoms). Fission is easier to achieve, but it generates waste. Moreover, hydrogen and deuterium gasses are abundant on earth, are clean, and have minimal waste products.

The experiment, which started in early December, will last until June. “[The experiment] once again challenged the world record. We have comprehensively validated the technology, driving it a major step forward from basic research to engineering applications,” said Song Yuntao, Institute of Plasma Physics director.


New Technology With Vast Possibilities
Fusion reactors, on the other hand, are still in their infancy. According to Xinhua, the two key hurdles are maintaining a temperature above 100 million degrees Celsius and functioning at a constant level for an extended period of time.

The experiment achieved the goal of retaining the temperature at a steady level for a long time, according to Li Miao, director of the physics department at Shenzhen’s Southern University of Science and Technology.

“The breakthrough is a significant progress, and the ultimate goal should be keeping the temperature at a stable level for a long time,” Li told the state-owned Global Times, adding that the next milestone might be to maintain the stability for a week or more.

The energy generated from nuclear fusion is the most reliable and clean energy, said Lin Boqiang, director of the China Center for Energy Economics Research at Xiamen University, adding that if the technology can be applied commercially, it will have huge economic benefits.

However, Lin cautioned that as the technology is still in the experimental stage, and it still needs at least 30 years for it to come out of the lab. “It’s more like a future technology that’s critical for China’s green development push,” he told Global Times.

India is a crucial component of the global project. The cryostat, in-wall shielding, cooling water system, cryogenic system, ion-cyclotron RF heating system, electron cyclotron RF heating system, diagnostic neutral beam system, power supplies, and some diagnostics are all delivered by ITER-India.

At the ITER-India facility in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, associated R&D and experimental operations are also being carried out.


By Athleticshour

Sekyere Richard has had a 10-year involvement in the sport of athletics. He holds a Diploma in Physical Fitness. Sekyere has experienced the sport as a middle/distance athlete, coach, and now journalist and blogger. Sekyere has published several articles on athletics from Ghanaian Athletics to World Athletics. He currently owns and manages the content and marketing development of Athletics Hour. "I am passionate about sports, love writing and interviewing, traveling, and meeting new athletes and coaches. I like to expose the hidden talents in the youth and I am always in search of talents across Ghana". I have volunteered in one of the biggest ultra-marathons in the world "The Elton Ultra Marathon in Russia. Covered many races in Ghana including ECOWAS CAA Region II Championship and multiple roads and track races in Ghana. In 2021, he launched the "Better Ghana Athletics Agenda", which will help support organisers, athletes and coaches in all directions.

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